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INDIAN STONE HANDICRAFTS
INDIAN STONE HANDICRAFTS

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History of Indian stone Handicrafts :-
India has an extremely rich craft tradition, distinguished by great aesthetics and multifarious art history. Intricate designs, patterns, painfully crafted monuments, temples and sculptures ,stone . all are magnificent masterpieces of craftsmanship. All Indian crafts and patterns were mostly depictions of every day living, socio political conditions and palace and court scenes. Archaeological studies have revealed that the period of manufacture, for a given handicraft item can be deciphered from its production technique, patterns and materials used.
   Indians Handicrafts history can be traced back to, as old as, the Stone Age. The art of spinning and weaving of cotton was known to the Harappa?s were known 5000 years ago. Foundations of textiles in other countries date back to second century BC. Block print fabrics, mainly of Gujarat region, found in Egyptian tombs are a proof that India was producing enough cotton textiles to import them to other countries, in the medieval ages.
   Even Vedas have references of artisans involved in pottery making, weaving, wood crafting etc. The Rig Veda in particular refers to a variety of pottery made from clay, wood and metal. It also refers to weavers and weaving. Crafts history shows that Indian crafts flourished during the Mauryan Empire. Nearly 85000 stupas were built in India, including Sanchi Stupa and various sculptures of Bharhut, Mathura, Amravati and Vaishali, During Ashoka's rule. Even the iron pillars of Vaishali and Delhi, were created in the same era. The Gupta Age, saw construction of rock cut temples of Ellora and Ajanta caves. Craftsmen of this period, under royal patronage excelled in jewelry making, woodcarving, sculpture, stone carving and weaving.
   Indian Arts and Crafts of each age reflect the culture, traditions and happenings of that particular era. Every age, every dynasty, every empire has its influence and essence in the crafts belonging to those times, therefore making India's heritage diverse and culturally rich.
   Stone was amongst the first material used by prehistoric man to create tools. Though items made from stone gave way to, items made from metal, stone continued to be one of the preferred material for making sculptures.
The stone-carving tradition in India is one of the richest in the world. Guilds of masons and stone carvers have existed here since the 7th century B.C. The skills were handed down as family lore from father to son, a practice prevalent in some parts of the country even today.
India has a rich tradition of stonework, as is evident from temples in Khajuraho, Konark, Martand in Kashmir and Ellora etc, which have richly carved sculptures and relief work on them. Large temple complexes of Ramashwaram, Dilwara and Tirupati not only are marvels in stone, but they reflect a high degree of sophistication reached by craftsmen engaged in stone craft.
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History of Indian stone Handicrafts :-
India has an extremely rich craft tradition, distinguished by great aesthetics and multifarious art history. Intricate designs, patterns, painfully crafted monuments, temples and sculptures ,stone . all are magnificent masterpieces of craftsmanship. All Indian crafts and patterns were mostly depictions of every day living, socio political conditions and palace and court scenes. Archaeological studies have...
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